WP10: Documentation for genetic reserves management field work and ECCDB capacity building

A project database will be created as a project management tool and as a data repository under development. After consolidation of the database concepts ways will be sought to integrate the results collected in the project into already existing data repositories as outlined below. It is anticipated, that a clear cut task sharing between institutions and their information systems will result from this work package. Task sharing should reasonably be organised taking into account the three levels of biodiversity - the habitat diversity, the species diversity and the within species diversity – and the specific mandates of the institutions interested in managing diversity at these levels. There is, firstly, a more site oriented administrative approach (EUNIS) of national and European conservation agencies, conservation biologists and reserve managers, secondly, a more species diversity approach (CWRIS) and thirdly, a more crop specific approach (ECCDBs) of crop experts. This work package sets focus on the latter approach, the management of genetic diversity within a set (in general a genus) of species.

In close cooperation with the University of Birmingham and all partners responsible for the crop case studies distribution data of the case study crops will be retrieved in information systems. This step will be based on the existing CWRIS (Crop Wild Relative Information System) model but will aim in a better integration of distribution data from the different sources for the case study crops to make it more productive for the user such as genetic reserves managers. Based on concepts developed by PGR Forum project ontologies, data and object models for the domain of in situ management of plant genetic resources field work will be developed for the four case study crops. It is not intended to leave the project database as a new fragment in the puzzling landscape of biodiversity informatics. Rather the results should be integrated in already existing and well established information systems (ECCDBs, CWRIS, EUNIS, GBIF). The participating ECCDBs and CWRIS will be under control of the project group or ECPGR working groups loosely associated with AEGRO. Thus they will be the first targets to upload the project results. The following steps are necessary: Firstly, definition of additional requirements for the target information systems and proposals for their implementation. Secondly, definition of the technical way of data exchange such as XML schema. Thirdly, implementation of modules and data exchange mechanisms in the participating ECCDBs. Fourthly, implementation of modules and data exchange mechanisms in CWRIS.

Searching for CWR specific data, compiling and analysis of data to assist the decision making process required to pinpoint site where genetic for a specific population should be established is an important aim of the project. The CWRIS assists this process. The map has been produced by the International Data Base for Beta (IDBB). It shows a site where a population of Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima with variation for resistance to Rizomania occurs. This map illustrates where a genetic reserve can be located and monitored.