Rare Avena species have been collected in a number of named locations. Compilation of information on 10 species and population distribution data using the European Avena Database (EADB) as a starting point will be the first action of this case study. Data will be jointly sourced and documented with the University of Birmingham. The necessary database structure will be developed by the coordinator as a component of the EADB. Secondly, priorisation of species and populations will be done according to a scheme developed by the University of Birmingham and the results be discussed with the ECPGR working group on Avena. Thirdly, the prioritisation work will result sites possibly suited to establish genetic reserves in the EU. Sites will be recommended and the national focal points for the genetic resources programmes will be informed. Fourthly, genetic reserves guidelines will be elaborated taking into account the specific biological features of Avena species. Fifthly, the genetic baseline for monitoring of the Avena species occurring in the single case study genetic reserve in Greece will be established. Sixthly, the nature protection law, sub-statutory laws, regional regulations, and funding opportunities will be compiled for Greece, institutions responsible for nature conservation and agro-environmental measures interviewed to ascertain the best possible approach to in situ conservation based on local knowledge. Local area managers and site managers and/or landowners will be involved in the interviews as well. Based on the legal, organisational information and professional experiences of the inquired persons an analysis of work flow will be derived needed for the establishment of genetic of reserves taking due account of the legal, organisational, biological frame conditions. Seventhly, the derived recommendations will contribute to the development of a crop wild relative conservation strategy for Avena and will form part of the European integrated workplan for in situ management of crop wild relatives.